Tulsa Travel Guide

History

When Tulsa was a small town near the banks of the Arkansas River in 1901, Tulsa's first oil well, named Sue Bland No. 1, was established that year. By 1905, the discovery of the large Glenn Pool (located approximately 15 miles south of downtown Tulsa and site of the present day town of Glenpool) prompted a rush of entrepreneurs to the area's growing number of oil fields; Tulsa's population swelled to over 140,000 between 1901 and 1930. By 1909, seven years after the discovery of oil in the area, Tulsa's population had sprouted to 180,000. Known as the "Oil Capital of the World" for most of the 20th century, the city's success in the energy industry prompted construction booms in the popular Art Deco style of the time. Profits from the oil industry continued through the Great Depression, helping the city's economy fare better than most in the United States during the 1930s.

In the early 20th century, Tulsa was home to the "Black Wall Street", one of the most prosperous African American communities in the United States at the time. Located in the Greenwood neighborhood, it was the site of the Tulsa Race Riot, one of the nation's worst acts of racial violence and civil disorder. Sixteen hours of rioting on May 31 and June 1, 1921, was only ended when National Guardsmen were brought in by the Governor. An official report later claimed that 23 black and 16 white citizens were killed, but other estimates suggest as many as 300, mostly black people, died. Over 800 people were admitted to local hospitals with injuries, and an estimated 10,000 people were left homeless as 35 city blocks composed of 1,256 residences were destroyed by fire. Property damage was estimated at . Efforts to obtain reparations for survivors of the violence have been unsuccessful.

In 1925, Tulsa businessman Cyrus Avery, known as the "Father of Route 66," began his campaign to create a road linking Chicago to California by establishing the U.S. Highway 66 Association in Tulsa, earning the city the nickname the "Birthplace of Route 66". Once completed, U.S. Route 66 took an important role in Tulsa's development as the city served as a popular rest stop for travelers, who were greeted by Route 66 icons such as the Meadow Gold Sign and the Blue Whale of Catoosa. During this period, Bob Wills and his group The Texas Playboys began their long performing stint at a small ballroom in downtown Tulsa. In 1935, Cain's Ballroom became the base for the group, which is largely credited for creating Western Swing music. The venue continued to attract famous musicians through its history, and is still in operation today. For the remainder of the mid-20th century, a master plan called for the construction of parks, churches, museums, rose gardens, improved infrastructure, and increased national advertising. The Spavinaw Dam, built during this era to accommodate the city's water needs, was considered one of the largest public works projects of the era. In the 1950s, Time magazine dubbed Tulsa "America's Most Beautiful City."

A national recession greatly affected the city's economy in 1982, as areas of Texas and Oklahoma heavily dependent on oil witnessed a freefall in gas prices and a mass exodus of oil industries. Tulsa, heavily dependent on the oil industry, was one of the hardest hit cities by the fall of oil prices. By 1992, the state's economy had fully recovered, but leaders would attempt to expand into sectors unrelated to oil and energy.

In 2003, the "Vision 2025" program was approved by voters with the purpose of enhancing and revitalizing Tulsa's infrastructure and tourism industry. The keystone project of the initiative, the BOK Center, was designed to be a home for the city's minor league hockey and arena football teams, as well as a venue for major concerts and conventions. The multi-purpose arena, designed by famed architect Cesar Pelli, broke ground in 2005 and was opened on August 30, 2008.


source: Wikipedia

Things To Do in Tulsa See All Things To Do in Tulsa

  • Philbrook Museum Of Art

    Philbrook Museum Of Art

    2727 S Rockford Rd

    The Philbrook Museum of Art in Tulsa, Oklahoma is an art museum housed in part in a 1920s villa, sit...

    Attractions,Arts and Culture
  • Boston Avenue Methodist Church

    Boston Avenue Methodist Church

    1301 S Boston Ave

    The Boston Avenue United Methodist Church, located in downtown Tulsa, Oklahoma and completed in 1929...

    Attractions,Arts and Culture, Landmarks and Points Of Interest
  • Gilcrease Museum

    Gilcrease Museum

    1400 N Gilcrease Museum Rd

    Gilcrease Museum is a museum located northwest of downtown Tulsa, Oklahoma. The museum now houses th...

    Attractions, Activities,Arts and Culture, Outdoors
  • Whispering Vines Vineyard & Winery
    Attractions,Points Of Interest

Hotels in Tulsa (84 Hotels) See All Tulsa Hotels

  • Hampton Inn & Suites Tulsa-Woodland Hills 71st-Memorial

    Located within Tulsa, Hampton Inn & Suites Tulsa-Woodland Hills 71st-Memorial is opportunely situated nearby Spring Town Trampoline Park, Baker St. Pub & Grill - Tulsa an...

  • La Quinta Inn & Suites Tulsa Airport / Expo Square

    Spotted within Tulsa, La Quinta Inn & Suites Tulsa Airport / Expo Square is opportunely positioned around ClubMaverick, Touch Down club and White Crow Tavern. Additional ...

  • Hampton Suites Tulsa Central

    Located within Tulsa, Hampton Suites Tulsa Central is opportunely found around Caravan Cattle Company, Cinemark Theaters and LastCallTulsa. Additional crowd-pleasing tour...

  • Hilton Garden Inn Tulsa Midtown

    Spotted within Tulsa, Hilton Garden Inn Tulsa Midtown is opportunely situated alongside Bleacher Bums, The Harvard Sports Bar and Dusty Dog Pub. Other trendy attractions ...

Top Destinations in United States