Rio De Janeiro Travel Guide

Understand

It is a common mistake to think of Rio as Brazil's capital, a distinction it lost on April 21, 1960 when Brasilia became the capital. Beaches such as Copacabana and Ipanema, the Christ The Redeemer (Cristo Redentor) statue, the stadium of Maracanã and Sugarloaf Mountain (Pão de Açúcar) are all well-known sights of what the inhabitants call the "marvelous city" (cidade maravilhosa), and are also among the first images to pop up in travelers´ minds, along with the Carnaval celebration.

The South Zone holds most of Rio's landmarks and world-famous beaches, in an area of only 43.87 square km (17 square miles). Many of them are within walking distance of each other (for instance, the Sugarloaf lies about 5 miles from Copacabana beach). Most hotels and hostels are located in this part of the city, which is compressed between the Tijuca Range (Maciço da Tijuca) and the sea. There are important places in other regions as well, such as Maracanã stadium in the North Zone and the many fascinating buildings in the Centre.

Sadly, most people also know Rio for its violence and crime, special with drugs. And social problems, as slums or favelas, areas of poor-quality housing and living; slums usually located on the city's many mountain slopes, juxtaposed with middle-class neighbourhoods.

History

Rio was founded in 1565 by the Portuguese as a fortification against French privateers who trafficked wood and goods from Brazil. Piracy played a major role in the city's history, and there are still colonial fortresses to be visited (check below). The Portuguese fought the French for nearly 10 years, both sides having rival native tribes as allies. For the next two centuries it was an unimportant outpost of the Portuguese Empire, until gold, diamonds, and ore were found in Minas Gerais in 1720. Then, as the nearest port, Rio became the port for these minerals and replaced Salvador as the main city in the colony in 1763. When Napoleon invaded Portugal, the Royal Family moved to Brazil and made Rio capital of the Kingdom (so it was the only city outside Europe to be capital of a European country). When Brazil became independent in 1822, it adopted Monarchy as its form of government (with Emperors Pedro I and Pedro II). Many historians and Brazilians from other places say cariocas are nostalgic of the Royal and Imperial times, which is reflected in many place names and shop names. In 2009, the city won their bid to host the games of the XXXI Olympics in the summer of 2016. This was the fifth bid by the city, whose 1936, 1940, 2004, and 2012 bids lost.

source: Wikivoyage

Things To Do in Rio De Janeiro See All Things To Do in Rio De Janeiro

  • Sugar Loaf Mountain

    Sugar Loaf Mountain

    Av. Pasteur, 520

    The mountain is only one of several monolithic granite and quartz hills that rise straight from the ...

    Attractions, Activities,Landmarks and Points Of Interest, Outdoors
  • Barra Shopping

    Barra Shopping

    Avenida das Américas, 4666

    Barra Shopping is a shopping mall in Brazil. It is located in the Barra da Tijuca neighborhood of Ri...

    Lifestyle, Activities, Attractions,Shopping, Entertainment, Landmarks and Points Of Interest
  • Corcovado

    Corcovado

    Parque Nacional Da Tijuca

    Corcovado, meaning "hunchback" in Portuguese, is a mountain in central Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The g...

    Attractions, Activities,Landmarks and Points Of Interest, Outdoors
  • Cristo Redentor

    Cristo Redentor

    R. Cosme Velho, 513 - Cosme Ve...

    Attractions,Landmarks and Points Of Interest

Hotels in Rio De Janeiro (281 Hotels) See All Rio De Janeiro Hotels

  • Ipanema Inn

    Spotted in Rio de Janeiro, Ipanema Inn is opportunely placed alongside Brasil & Cia, Amaderm and Ipanema Farmer's Market. Many other recommended points of interest close-...

  • JW Marriott Hotel Rio de Janeiro

    Seen within Rio de Janeiro, JW Marriott Hotel Rio de Janeiro is a premium hotel conveniently placed near Rocinha Favela Private Tour, Espaco SESC Sala Multiuso Copacabana...

  • Arena Copacabana Hotel

    Arena Copacabana Hotel is one of the best, finest places to remain in Rio de Janeiro. Perfectly positioned nearby Favela Adventures, Praca Serzedelo Correia and Bravietou...

  • Windsor Atlântica

    Seen in Rio de Janeiro, Windsor Atlântica is a premium hotel comfortably situated alongside Copacabana Fair, Portuguese for Foreigners - Day Classes and Tour Guide Vicent...

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