Pretoria Travel Guide

Understand

History

The area known today as Tshwane Metro Council, with Pretoria (City) at its centre, was allegedly occupied by the Sotho people for many centuries. During the 15th century the Ndebele people also migrated into the area and settled along the banks of what is today called the Apies River. Around 1820 the Matabele under the leadership of Mzilikaza also entered the region, leading to local conflicts between the Matabele newcomers and the already established Sotho and Ndebele tribes as well as the European Voortrekkers who were steadily moving northward through the country. These conflicts came to an end when the Matabele were defeated by the Voortrekkers in 1837 at Mosega.

By 1855 there was no known tribe in what is known as Pretoria area today. Only nomadic groups passed through this area, with a leader/person Tshwane (so it is alleged) one of the them. Pretoria was founded in 1855. Initially the capital of the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek was Ohrigstad, but Pretoria became the capital of the then ZAR. Later on Pretoria became the capital of the Transvaal province (old ZAR) after the Anglo-Boer War. The city was named after Andries Pretorius, the boer leader at the Battle of Blood River where the Voortrekkers defeated the Zulus under King Dingaan. In 1856 the area today know as Arcadia was acquired in exchange for a pony and added to the town.

In 1899, during the Anglo-Boer War, Winston Churchill was captured and held as a POW in Pretoria until his eventual escape to Mozambique. British forces captured Pretoria in 1900 and held control over the city until the signing of the Peace of Vereeniging treaty in 1902.

When the Union of South Africa was established in 1910, Pretoria was elected the capital and is still the administrative capital of the Republic of South Africa today.

Climate

Pretoria is located in a summer rainfall area with hot days regularly followed by short and intense afternoon thunderstorms. The thunderstorms are often accompanied by lightning and occasionally result in hail. Summer temperatures range between 16°C at night to 30°C during the day, with occasionally higher temperatures (up to about 36°C). Winters are mild and dry with temperatures averaging between a minimum of 5°C and a maximum of 20°C. Winter nights and (occasionally winter days) can be surprisingly cold and buildings are generally not well insulated. Bring warm clothes if you're visiting during the winter months.

source: Wikivoyage

Things To Do in Pretoria See All Things To Do in Pretoria

  • Voortrekker Monument & Heritage Site
    Attractions,Landmarks and Points Of Interest
  • Union Buildings

    Union Buildings

    Church Street

    The Union Buildings (Afrikaans: Die Uniegebou) form the official seat of the South African governmen...

    Attractions,Landmarks and Points Of Interest, Historical Sites
  • Melrose House

    Melrose House

    275 Jacob Mare St.

    Melrose House is a stately mansion located in Pretoria, South Africa. Built in 1886 by the prosperou...

    Attractions,Arts and Culture, Historical Sites
  • President Paul Kruger House

    President Paul Kruger House

    Church Street West

    Attractions,Historical Sites

Hotels in Pretoria (94 Hotels) See All Pretoria Hotels

  • Premier Hotel Pretoria

    Found in Pretoria, Premier Hotel Pretoria is a premium hotel opportunely located close to Union Buildings, The Pretoria Art Museum and State Theater. Various other trendy...

  • Holiday Inn Express Pretoria Sunnypark

    Spotted in Pretoria, Holiday Inn Express Pretoria Sunnypark is opportunely located near Union Buildings, State Theater and Burgers Park. Many other visited tourist attrac...

  • Morning Star Express Hotel

    Seen within Pretoria, Morning Star Express Hotel is opportunely positioned in close proximity to Museum Mall, Burgers Park and Melrose House. Some other trendy attraction...

  • Faircity Grosvenor Gardens

    Faircity Grosvenor Gardens is among the top, premium places to remain in Pretoria. Perfectly positioned in close proximity to Springbok Park, Duncan Yard and Edoardo Vill...

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