Peru Travel Guide

Understand

Despite 36% of the population (mostly Amerindians in rural areas) living under the poverty line, most Peruvians are nationalists and will talk with love and pride about their country. For many of them government, police and political affairs may be distrusted and criticized, as corruption and scandals are all around. However, that is not what makes up their beloved state of Peru. It's the rich natural resources and strong history as the centre of the ancient Inca and later colonial Spanish empires that inspire their nationalist sentiments.

The general view of the U.S. government isn't very positive either, due to the Peruvian economic dependence on the U.S and foreign policy decisions of their North-American neighbours. That widely held aversion however does not extend to individual American travellers, who'll be welcomed as anyone else.

You'll often encounter the term gringo, which originally referred to all white people who don't speak Spanish. Now, many people use it for Americans or American look-alikes only, but it's typically not meant to offend. Peruvians will not hesitate to greet you with "¡Hola, gringo!", especially if you're blonde.

As in many South-American countries, efficiency or punctuality aren't among Peru's many qualities. Go with the flow and don't expect things to be exactly on time or precisely as planned. Take into account that outside of the main tourist spots people will often not speak English, and -trying to be helpful- might give wrong or inexact advice. For some general advice, have a look at our Tips for travel in developing countries.

Electricity

Electricity in Peru is 220 Volts and 60 Hertz. Exceptions are Talara, where a mixture of 110 V, 60 Hz and 220 V, 60 Hz is used, and Arequipa with 220 V, 50 Hz.

Two types of electrical outlets are used: one accepts two-pronged plugs with flat, parallel blades, the other one accepts plugs with two round prongs. Many, but not all outlets accept both. Grounded outlets exist but are uncommon. If you want to use a 110V device, make sure to check if it can take 220V, as you'll otherwise risk breaking your equipment. If not, bring a power adaptor. It's not recommended to adapt a three pin plug for use in a two pin outlet.

Time Zone

Peru Time (PET) is 5 hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC/GMT). There's no daylight saving time.

History

Peru's oldest complex society called the Norte Chico civilization flourished in 3,000 B.C. Early developments were followed by cultures such as Cupisnique, Chavin, Paracas, Mochica, Nazca, Wari and Chimu. In the 15th century, the Inca Empire became the largest empire in the Americas.

source: Wikivoyage

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