Nairobi Travel Guide

History

The area was essentially uninhabited swamp until a supply depot of the Uganda Railway was built in 1899, which soon became the railway's headquarters. The city was named after a water hole known in Maasai as Enkare Nairobi, meaning "place of cool waters". It was completely rebuilt in the early 1900s after an outbreak of plague and the burning of the original town. The location of the Nairobi railway camp was chosen due to its central position between Mombasa and Kampala. It was also chosen because its network of rivers could supply the camp with water and its elevation would make it cool enough for residential purposes. However, malaria was a serious problem, leading to at least one attempt to have the town moved.

In 1905, Nairobi replaced Mombasa as capital of the British protectorate, and the city grew around administration and tourism, initially in the form of big game hunting. As the British occupiers started to explore the region, they started using Nairobi as their first port of call. This prompted the colonial government to build several spectacular grand hotels in the city. The main occupants were British game hunters.

Nairobi continued to grow under the British and many Britons settled within the city's suburbs. In 1919, Nairobi was declared to be a municipality.

In February 1926, E.A.T. Dutton passed through Nairobi on his way to Mount Kenya, and said of the city:

The continuous expansion of the city began to anger the Maasai, as the city was devouring their land to the south. It also angered the Kikuyu people, who wanted the land returned to them. After the end of World War II, this friction developed into the Mau Mau rebellion. Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya's future president, was jailed for his involvement even though there was no evidence linking him to the rebellion. Pressure exerted from the locals onto the British resulted in Kenyan independence in 1963, with Nairobi as the capital of the new republic.

After independence, Nairobi grew rapidly and this growth put pressure on the city's infrastructure. Power cuts and water shortages were a common occurrence, though in the past few years better city planning has helped to put some of these problems in check.

The United States Embassy, then located in downtown Nairobi, was bombed in August 1998 by Al-Qaida, as one of a series of US embassy bombings. Over two hundred civilians were killed. It is now the site of a memorial park.


source: Wikipedia

Things To Do in Nairobi See All Things To Do in Nairobi

Hotels in Nairobi (89 Hotels) See All Nairobi Hotels

  • Tribe Hotel

    Located within Nairobi, Tribe Hotel is a luxury hotel opportunely placed alongside United Nations Visitor's Service, Banana Hill Art Gallery and Spinners Web Kenya. Some ...

  • Paris Hotel

    With August 7th Memorial Park, Marula Studios and River Road readily placed close to the three and half star hotel, Paris Hotel; this hotel is perfectly positioned in the...

  • Nairobi Serena Hotel

    Seen within Nairobi, Nairobi Serena Hotel is a finest hotel conveniently positioned close to Safe Ride Tours & Safaris, Kairi Tours and Safaris Day Tour and Central Park....

  • Sarova Panafric

    With Safe Ride Tours & Safaris, Kairi Tours and Safaris Day Tour and Hot Air Safaris comfortably placed close to the three and half star hotel, Sarova Panafric; this hote...

Top Destinations in Kenya