Jerusalem Travel Guide

Attractions

Jerusalem has an amazing array of attractions for the traveler to see. The following are some of the must-sees. For more attractions see individual district articles.

City of DavidPhone: 02-6750111Price: 50 NISOn the south-east corner of the old city, is an archeological site from the time of King David.
The Garden Tomb on Nablus Road, East Jerusalem marks what many believe is the location of Calvary and the tomb of Jesus. The tomb is located in a lush big garden which is a good break away from the hustle and bustle of East Jerusalem. Must do, but only open in the afternoons.
The Biblical ZooDerech Aharon Shulov 1one of Israel's most popular tourist sites, in Jerusalem
Visit the Belzer Rebbe's tish on Friday night in Charedi Jerusalem (men only!) or just wander around Ultra Orthodox neighbourhood of Mea Shearim in decent attires
Mishkenot Sha'ananim the first modern neighbourhood outside the Old City, a beautiful cluster of small cobbled streets
Old City – the atmospheric historical core of Jerusalem surrounded by Ottoman period walls, filled with sites of massive religious significance and a bustling approach to life. (Please note that sites are often specific to one religion, being used by adherents of a particular religion for worship or exhibits, and some sites, particularly Islamic ones, may bar nonmembers from entry or praying on the grounds.)
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Church of the Holy Sepulchre (Christian)the end of the Via Dolorosa (Way of the sorrows) in the Christian quarter of the Old City. It is the most holy Christian spot in the world. The first church on the site was built by Queen Helena, mother of the emperor Constantine, the Holy Sepulchre is Jerusalem's number 1 site for Christian pilgrims and is consequently horribly crowded. Expect to queue for an hour or more to enter the tiny tomb chamber.
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Western Wallin the Old City on the western side of the Temple Mount, which is part of the outer retaining wall of the Temple, built 2000 years ago. Jews pray here and stuck notes with prayers to the cracks between the stones. This is the last standing remain of the Jewish temple, the holies site in Judaism.
* The Temple Mount (Jewish/Muslim)" is in the Old City of Jerusalem, and it is important to both Jews and Muslims, to the extent that ferocious international disputes have arisen over it. The Temple Mount is most important site in Judaism and the third most important site in Islam. It is a showcase for Islamic architecture and design from the Umayyad to Ottoman times (Jewish construction dating from Roman times and before can also be found at the site and in the vicinity). The Temple Mount also continues as an important religious and educational centre for Muslims to the present. It is crowned by the magnificent Dome of the Rock, which stands on the site of the ancient Jewish Temples. It is accessible at only specific times. Encompassing over 35 acres of fountains, gardens, buildings and domes, the Temple Mount includes:
:* Al-Aqsa Mosque (The Far Mosque) is the point from where the prophet of Islam, Mohammad, is believed to have ascended to heaven.
:* Dome of the Rock (Arabic: Qubbat Al-Sakhra) located in the middle of the sanctuary opposite of the Al-Aqsa Mosque, is probably the most known landmark of Jerusalem with its golden dome and octagonal blue walls that are adorned with Arabic calligraphy of Koranic verses. The interior of both the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa mosque are closed to non-Muslims, however, the plaza that they are situated in is open to the public. The Dome of the Rock is also labelled the most amazing Islamic building in the world.
:* The Temple Mount Plaza - Enterance into the plaza (for non-muslims) is done thorugh the Mugrabim gate, just beside the Western Wall, at Sun-Thu and Sat mornings: 07:30-10:30 (winter) or 08:00-11:30 (summer) and afternoons at 12:30-13:30 (winter) or 13:30-15:00 (Summer). Religious items, prayer, or any action of religious appearance even quietly moving lips by non-Muslims and especially by Jews will at a minimum result in ejection from the site and possible arrest by Israeli police for disturance of the peace, this is strictly enforced.
:* Entrance into the mosques themselves on the Temple Mount is granted if a Muslim man/woman asks the guard of the mosques for entrance (they usually ask you to recite a well known Quranic verse to prove you are a Muslim). For others (such as journalists, ect) who wish to enter the Muslim sites for media purposes etc., write to the Director of the Islamic Waqf via the following address:
::Director of the Islamic Waqf
::Islamic Waqf Council
::P.O. Box 19004
::Jerusalem, Israel
:In the request, make sure to include your nationality, some information about yourself (ex. your occupation), and the reason why you want to enter the Dome of the Rock and Al-Aqsa Mosqe. Do not refer to the Temple Mount by its English name; refer to it as "Haram-el-Sharif".
* The Jewish quarter in the Old City was completely re-built in 1969 after the 1967 Arab-Israeli War. It still holds many ancient masterpieces such as the Cardo (700 BC), Burnt House (70 AD), and Western Wall. All of which are among the most holy Jewish sites in the world. At the Western Wall plaza you will find The Western Wall Tunnel and the Chain of Generations center. The nearby archaeological park Davidson Centre (the Ophel) is also interesting. Inside the quarter are The Hurba Synagogue, the largest synagogue in the old city and The Herodian Quarter museum.
Via Dolorosa - passing through Bethesda (crusader church and Roman excavations), Franciscan Archaeological Museum and Les Seurs de Sion Monastery with its underground Roman Street
Damascus Gate is the most elaborate one. The vegetable market borders it. It is also near Jaafar—Jerusalem most renowned sweets store.

Just outside Damascus Gate you can visit Hezekiah's Tunnel and Rockefeller Archaeological Museum as well as The Garden Tomb and The Tomb of the Kings

Lady Tunshuq Palace and Tomb
The Indian Hospice, The Austrian Hospice, The Armenian Hospice
Syriac Church, Maronite Church
The Armenian Cathedral and Museum
Murestan Square with the Lutheran Church of the Redeemer
Mount of Olives with numerous monuments including: Kidron Valley Monuments, Maria's Tomb, The Ascension Chapel, Domini Flevit Church, Church of All Nations, Tombs of the Prophets, Jewish Cemetery, Pater Noster Church, The Muscoviya, The Tomb of Lazarus (in Al Eizariya village at the south-eastern slope of the Mount of Olives)
Hess Promenade
Mount Zion with several monuments including: Hagia Maria Sion Abbey (Dormision Church), Schindler's Tomb, Chamber of the Holocaust (Martef HaShoah), David's Tomb and Room of the Last Supper
The Mamilla Cemetery is worth visiting with its ancient pools and graves of famous Muslim leaders. It is also the subject of controversy as the Center for Human Dignity (which will include the Museum of Tolerance) is expected to be constructed on the parking lot of the cemetery.
Lifta, an abandoned Arab village located near the western entrance to Jerusalem. The place is not well-known, even among inhabitants. The place is full of spacious, multilevel, half-ruined buildings. Some of the houses are rebuilt and Jewish families live in these. It's easy to find wild opuntia (cactus fruit) and almond trees there. The must-see spot in Lifta is a long, very narrow tunnel going from the bricked-in ancient pool at the bottom of the village. The pool is mentioned in the Bible. Take off your shoes before entering it, because water can reach knee-level. The simplest way to get there is to take a walk from the main bus station towards the nearby hill where you enter the city from Tel Aviv, take the foot bridge over the highway and a downhill hike from behind the gas station, which takes about 15 minutes. Be careful: the pool is about 2 meters deep when full but has no stairs or ladder out, and while sometimes people pile stones at a corner for a step up to get out, you need to be strong enough to exit with a full pullup and hand press from the high edge or wait for a friend to pull you out. Especially on Friday and even more so before major Jewish holidays, many religious male youths will be found at Lifta performing ritual purification by immersion, and they may become irritated should a female bather show up to swim, potentially forcing large numbers of males wishing to use the ancient ritual mikveh pool for what they consider a non-recreational ritual away from the area.
Tours are provided every week by the Al-Quds University Center for Jerusalem Studies . Including tours of the Old City settlements, Ramparts and the tunnels. Tour guides are academics and historians who focus on the Palestinian perspective.
Heichal ShlomoPhone: (02) 588-9000In King George 58 st. a museum of jewish art.
Jerusalem Botanical Gardens - at the university campus in Givat Ram. open Sun-Tue and Thu 9.30am-5.00pm, Fri 9.00am-3.00pm. Tel (02) 648-0049 / (073) 243-8914.
Jerusalem City ModelPhone: (02) 629-7731Free. at the Jerusalem City Hall. a model of the city of jerusalem including a planned structures. visitors time between: 11:00-13:30 in the morning.
Mount HerzlFree. in the end of Herzl boulevard street. adjacent to Yad VaShem and the Jerusalem Forest. this is the national cemetery of Israel and includes "Yitzhak Rabin grave" and the "Theodor Herzl Museum". also including the memorials of the "Victims of Acts of Terror Memorial" and the "Garden of the Missing Soldiers". near Herzl's grave there is a large broad for the main ceremony of the opening of the Independence Day. take the Jerusalem Light Rail tour (one drive: 6.6 NIS). There is station near the entrance to Mount Herzl.
Museums
The Israel MuseumRuppin BlvdPhone: +972-2-6708811Fax: 972-2-677-1332Price: Adult 50 NIS, Student 37 NIS, Child 25 NISThe museum is the largest and most famous one in Israel. The Museum includes the "shrine of the book" where the Dead Sea Scrolls and the "Aleppo Codex" (one of the oldest Bibles in the world) are kept. It also has a large scale model of Jerusalem in ancient times and a youth's wing. It has large archaeology, Judaica and art sections that were renovated and reopened in 2010.
Yad VashemHar HazikaronPhone: 972-2-6443802Fax: 972-2-6443803Hours: Sun-Wed: 09:00-17:00, Thu: 09:00-20:00, Fri:09:00-14:00Price: free admissionYad Vashem is Israel's Holocaust museum. There is no fee to enter but guided-tours can cost about 30 NIS. Children under ten are not allowed to enter the museum proper but they go to other areas.
The Tower of David (Citadel)Jaffa GatePhone: +972-2-6265333Fax: +972-2-6283418Hours: Su-Th 09:00-16:00, Sa 09:00-14:00Price: Adults 30 NIS, Students 20 NIS, Children 15 NISIt is the famous tower at Jaffa Gate, the museum of Jerusalem history. The museum uses the chambers and room of the Jerusalem citadel as exhibition rooms, each exhibition is dedicated to a specific period in the history of Jerusalem. The exhibitions are chronologically ordered. At nights, the museum present a spectacular night-show of lights and sounds, screened on the citadel, telling the story of the history of Jerusalem. Night show must be pre-ordered at the museum counter or via +972-2-6265333
Science MuseumPhone: +972-2-6544888Hours: Sun: Closed, Mon-Thu: 10:00-18:00, Fri: 10:00-14:00, Sat: 10:00-16:00Price: 40 NISThe museum features many "active exhibitions" which invite the visitor to tocuh and participate. A good choice for those whom are travelling with kids.
The Museum For Islamic Art2 HaPalmach StPhone: +972-2-566-1291Fax: +972-2-5619802Hours: Sun, Mon, Wed: 10:00-15:00, Tue, Thu: 10:00-19:00, Fri: 10:00-14:00, Sat: 10:00-16:00Price: Adult: 40 NIS, Student: 30 NIS, Child: 20 NISThe museum includes several exhibitions including ancient clocks exhibition.
Bible Lands Museum25 Avraham Granot StreetPhone: +972-2-5611066Fax: 972-2 5638228Hours: Sun, Mon, Tue, Thu: 09:30-17:30. Wed 09:30-21:30. Fri: 10:00-14:00. Sat: 10:00-14:00Price: Adult 40 NIS, Senior 30 NIS, Student/Child 20 NISA unique museum with an enormous number of relics and pieces and tris to reflect the history of the biblical period in the ancient lands of the Bible.
Old Yishuv Court Museum6 Or Ha-Haim StreetPhone: +972-2-6276319Fax: +972-2-6284636Hours: Sun-Thu: 10:00-17:00, Fri: 10:00-13:00Price: Adult 18 NIS, Student 12 NISThe history of the Jewish community in the Jewish Quarter of Jerusalem from the beginning of the 15th century until the fall of the Quarter in the War of Independence.
Rockefeller Museum27 Sultan Suleiman StreetPhone: +972-2-6708074Fax: +972-2-6708063Hours: Sun, Mon, Wed, Thu: 10:00-15:00, Sat: 10:00-14:00, Tue, Fri: ClosedToday a branch of the Israel museum, Rockefeller museum was opened in 1938. The museum is dedicated to archaeological finds in the holyland.

source: Wikivoyage

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