Cairns Travel Guide

Understand

Cairns was inhabited by the Walubarra Yidinji people, who still recognise their indigenous property rights. Initially mapped by James Cook and named Trinity Bay in 1770, it was officially founded in 1876 as an export port for gold and renamed after the then-Governor of Queensland. Commonly mispronounced as cans, the actual pronunciation of Cairns is somewhat closer to kare-nz, with a non-silent "r".

The main industry for the city is tourism, with focus on the European, Japanese and increasingly Chinese markets. There are a plethora of clubs and coffee shops, all overflowing with international tourists which helps give Cairns its cosmopolitan feel. Cairns is also supported by agricultural businesses which include sugar cane, bananas, coffee, tea and the world's first tropical fruit wine region.

Peak season in Cairns is during the more comfortable winter months of June–August, especially compared to the hotter and stickier summer months. A particularly busy time occurs in the first two weeks of July, when Australian school kids get their winter break.

There is no swimming beach to speak of in central Cairns, although there are many choices just north and south of the city. A large outdoor, lagoon-style pool is in the centre of the Cairns City area, which is very popular throughout the year with tourists and locals alike. For a beach side resort holiday, there are several resorts a short drive north of Cairns.

Cairns Tourism Office51 The EsplanadePhone: +61 7 4051-3588Tollfree: 1800 093 300Fax: +61 7 4051-7509Hours: M-F 8:30AM-6PM, weekends & public holidays 10AM-6PMOfficial Cairns and tropical Northern Queensland tourism office at the Esplanade.

source: Wikivoyage

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