Australia Travel Guide

States and territories

New South Wales and Australian Capital Territory (NSW) & (ACT)New South Wales is Australia's most populous state. The Harbour City of Sydney is Australia's largest city. The coast of New South Wales is lined with beachside communities, each one offering experiences for the traveller. A little inland are the mountain ranges of the Blue Mountains and Snowy Mountains, and the purpose built capital city of Canberra, excised from New South Wales. Further inland still expect sweeping plains, turning from agriculture to desert the further inland you venture.
Northern Territory (NT)From the red deserts surrounding Uluru and Alice Springs up to the tropics of Darwin and Kakadu National Park, the Northern Territory is stunningly beautiful, and easier to access than you might think.
Queensland (QLD)Famous for its sunny warm weather, Queensland offers coastal exploration from the vibe of the Gold Coast to the tropics of the Great Barrier Reef to the bustling city of Brisbane. It is also home to tropical rainforests of the Daintree National Park, and the island resorts of the Whitsundays. Inland lies the ranges of the hinterland, and further on the vast expanses and beauty of outback Australia.
South Australia (SA)Renowned for the fine wines of the Barossa Valley, the beauty of the Flinders Ranges and the outback, and the beaches and events and culture of the City of Churches, Adelaide.
Tasmania (TAS)Separated from the mainland by Bass Strait, Tasmania has rugged beauty of Cradle Mountain and the west, the beaches of the east, and the complete wilderness of the south. Hobart was the site of the second European settlement in Australia, and many historic sites are well preserved. The island has well developed facilities for travellers.
Victoria (VIC)Small, vibrant and with something for everyone, Victoria has dramatic surf beaches along the southwest and central coast, green rolling farmland and photogenic national parks. The diversity of rural Victoria is very easy to access due in part to its size and well maintained roads. Australia and Victoria's sporting, shopping, fashion and food capital is Melbourne.
Western Australia (WA)A vast state. The south-west contains the state capital and major city of Perth closely surrounded by the wildflower, wine growing and scenic destinations of Margaret River and Albany. In the far north are the tropics and the beachside destination of Broome. Small townships, roadhouses, mining communities and national parks scattered around the long distances between.
Islands
Lord Howe Island - Two hours flying time from Sydney, with a permanent population, and developed facilities. (Part of New South Wales)
Norfolk Island - Direct flights from the East Coast, and from Auckland. Permanent population, and developed facilities.
Christmas Island - Famous for its red crab migration. Flights from Perth and Kuala Lumpur, developing facilities.
Cocos Islands - Coral atolls, populated, accessible by flights from Perth, with some facilities for travel.
Torres Strait Islands - between Cape York and Papua New Guinea, most islands have some traveller facilities but require permission from the traditional owners to visit. Flights from Cairns.
Ashmore and Cartier Islands - uninhabited with no developed traveller facilities.
Coral Sea Islands - largely uninhabited, with no developed traveller facilities.
Heard Island and McDonald Islands - uninhabited islands over 4000 km from the Australian mainland.
Macquarie Island - An Australian Antarctic base, halfway to Antarctica. No facilities for travellers.
Rottnest Island - Rottnest Island located off the coast of Western Australia, is a Class A Reserve, with 63 beaches and 20 bays it is a highly awarded tourist destination.

source: Wikivoyage

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