Latvian phrasebook

Latvian is the official language in the Republic of Latvia, spoken natively by approximately 60% of the residents of Latvia, approximately 1,250,000 people. Worldwide it is estimated to be spoken by 1,504,880 people, a 2009 estimate from "Ethnologue". It is an Indo-European language that shares its own Baltic language group with Lithuanian, New Curonian, Old Prussian, and Semigallian. The Baltic languages show closest relationship with the Slavic languages, and are commonly reconstructed to have passed through common Proto-Balto-Slavic stage, during which numerous Common Balto-Slavic lexical, phonological, morphological and accentological isoglosses developed. It is a relatively new language, its first written accounts date to 1530 A.D.

Written Latvian is based on the Latin alphabet and uses 33 letters:

Aa, Āā, Bb, Cc, Čč, Dd, Ee, Ēē, Ff, Gg, Ģģ, Hh, Ii, Īī, Jj, Kk, Ķķ, Ll, Ļļ, Mm, Nn, Ņņ, Oo, Pp, Rr, Ss, Šš, Tt, Uu, Ūū, Vv, Zz, Žž.

source : Wikivoyage

Pronounciation Guide and Phrase List

  • Stress

    · In Latvian, the stress is almost always on the first syllable.

  • Vowels

    · Notice that there are long and short vowel sounds in Latvian.

    · a,as in 'u' in "cup"

    · ā,as in 'a' in "bark", a long sound

    · e,as in 'e' in "pet" and 'a' in "fat"

    · ē,as in 'ai' in "fair" and 'a' in "spar", but longer

    · i,as in 'i' in "pin"

    · ī,as in 'ee' in "speed", a long sound

    · o,as in 'o' in "pot" and 'oa' in "oats" or 'aw' in "law"

    · u,as in 'u' in "put"

    · ū,as in 'oo' in "pool", a long sound

  • Consonants

    · b,as 'b' in "ball"

    · c,as 'ts' in "bits"

    · č,as 'ch' in "chest"

    · d,as 'd' in "dog"

    · dz,as 'ds' in "beds"

    · dž,as 'j' in "job"

    · f,as 'f' in "fish"

    · g,as 'g' in "grass" g sound

    · ģ,as 'ju' in "judge"

    · h,as 'h' in "hot"

    · j,as 'y' in "yes"

    · k,as 'k' in "kite"

    · ķ,as 'c' in "cute"

    · l,as 'l' in "lid"

    · ļ,as 'li' in "million"

    · m,as 'm' in "money"

    · n,as 'n' in "noise"

    · ņ,as 'ny' in "new"

    · p,as 'p' in "pet"

    · r,trilled as spanish 'r'

    · s,as 's' in "sand"

    · š,as 'sh' in "ship"

    · t,as 't' in "top"

    · v,as 'v' in "vest"

    · z,as z' in "zebra"

    · ž,as 'su' in "pleasure"

  • Common diphthongs

    · ai,as 'i' in "dive"

    · au,as 'ow' in "now"

    · ei,as 'ay' in "may"

    · ie,as 'ea' in "fear"

    · oi,as 'oy' in "toy"

    · ui,as 'ui' in "Luis"

  • Basics

    · Hello.,Sveika! ("SVYEH-kah")

    · Hello.,Sveiks! ("SVEH-eeks")

    · How are you?,Kā jums klājas?("kahh yooms KLAHH-yuhs?")

    · Fine, thank you.,Labi, paldies. ("LAH-bee, PUHL-dyehs")

    · What is your name?,Kā jūs sauc? ("kaah yoos sowts?")

    · My name is ______ .,Mani sauc______ . ("MAH-nee sowts_____ .")

    · I'm pleased to meet you.,Prieks iepazīties. ("pryehks EA-puh-zee-tyehs")

    · Please,Lūdzu. ("LOO-dzoo")

    · Thank you,Paldies. ("PUHL-dyehs")

    · You're welcome.,Lūdzu. ("LOO-dzoo")

    · Yes.,Jā.("yahh")

    · No.,Nē. ("neh")

    · Excuse me.,Atvainojiet. ("UHT-vay-noh-yeht")

    · I'm sorry.,Piedodiet.("pyeh-DOH-dyeht")

    · Goodbye,Uz redzēšanos. ("ooz REHD-zehh-shuh-nohs")

    · Goodbye ("informal"),Atā. ("UH-tahh")

    · I can't speak "Latvian",Es nemāku latviešu valodu [labi. ("ehs neh-MAA-koo luht-VYEH-shoo vuh-LOH-doo [luh-bee]")

    · Do you speak English?,Vai Jūs runājat angliski? ("VUH-ee yoos ROO-nyaaht UHN-glys-kee?")

    · Is there someone here who speaks English?,Vai te ir kāds, kurš runā angliski? ("VUH-ee teh eer kaads, kursh ROO-naa AHN-glys-kee?")

    · Help!,Palīgā! ("PUH-lee-gaah!")

    · Look out!,Uzmanies! ("OOZ-mah-nyehs!")

    · Good morning,Labrīt ("luh-BREET")

    · Good day,Labdien ("luhb-DYEHN")

    · Good evening,Labvakar ("luhd-VUH-kuhr")

    · Good night ("to sleep"),Ar labu nakti. ("uhr LUH-boo NUHK-tee")

    · I don't understand.,Es nesaprotu. ("ehs NEH-suh-proh-too")

    · Where is the toilet?,Kur ir tualete? ("koor eer TWAH-leh-teh?")

  • Problems

    · Leave me alone.,Ej prom. ("ey prohm")

    · Don't touch me!,Neaizskar mani! ("neh-AYZS-kahr MAH-nee")

    · I'll call the police.,Es izsaukšu policiju. ("ehs EEZ-sowk-shoo poh-LEE-tsyoo")

    · Police!,Policija! ("poh-LEE-tsyah")

    · Stop! Thief!,Ķeriet zagli! ("KYEH-ryeht ZAH-glee")

    · I need your help.,Man vajag jūsu palīdzību. ("mahn VAY-ahg YOO-soo pah-LEE-jee-boo")

    · It's an emergency.,Ir avārijas situācija. ("ihr ah-VAA-ryahs see-TWAA-tsyah")

    · I'm lost.,Esmu apmaldījies (male)/apmaldījusies (female). ("EHS-moo ahp-MAHL-dee-yehs/ ahp-MAHL-dee-yoo-syehs")

    · I lost my bag.,Es pazaudēju savu somu. ("ehs pah-ZOW-dehh-yoo SAH-voo SOH-moo")

    · I lost my wallet.,Es pazaudēju savu maku. ("ehs pah-ZOW-dehh-yoo SAH-voo MAH-koo")

    · I'm sick.,Esmu slims (male)/slima (female). ("EHS-moo sleems/ SLEE-mah")

    · I've been injured.,Es esmu ievainots. ("ehs EHS-moo ie-VAI-nohts")

    · I need a doctor.,Man vajag ārstu. ("mahn VAI-ahg AARS-too")

    · Can I use your phone?,Vai es drīkstu izmantot jūsu telefonu? ("vai ehs DREEKS-too eez-MAHN-toht YOO-soo teh-leh-FOH-noo?")

  • Numbers

    · 0,nulle ("NOOL-leh")

    · 1,viens ("vyehns")

    · 2,divi ("DIH-vih")

    · 3,trīs ("trees")

    · 4,četri ("CHEH-trih")

    · 5,pieci ("PYEH-tsih")

    · 6,seši ("SEH-shih")

    · 7,septiņi ("SEHP-tih-nyih")

    · 8,astoņi ("UHS-toa-nyih")

    · 9,deviņi ("DEH-vee-nyih")

    · 10,desmit ("DEHS-miht")

    · 11,vienpadsmit ("VYEH-puhds-miht")

    · 12,divpadsmit ("DIHV-puhds-miht")

    · 13,trīspadsmit ("TREES-puhds-miht")

    · 14,četrpadsmit ("CHEHTR-puhds-miht")

    · 15,piecpadsmit ("PYEHTS-puhds-miht")

    · 16,sešpadsmit ("SEHSH-puhds-miht")

    · 17,septiņpadsmit ("SEHP-tihny-puhds-miht")

    · 18,astoņpadsmit ("UHS-tawny-puhds-miht")

    · 19,deviņpadsmit ("DEH-vihny-puhds-miht")

    · 20,divdesmit ("DIHV-dehs-miht")

    · 21,divdesmit viens ("DIHV-dehs-miht vyehns")

    · 22,divdesmit divi ("DIHV-dehs-miht DIH-vih")

    · 23,divdesmit trīs ("DIHV-dehs-miht trees")

    · 30,trīsdesmit ("TREES-dehs-miht")

    · 40,četrdesmit ("CHEHTR-dehs-miht")

    · 50,piecdesmit ("PYEHTS-dehs-miht")

    · 60,sešdesmit ("SEHSH-dehs-miht")

    · 70,septiņdesmit ("SEHP-teeny-dehs-miht")

    · 80,astoņdesmit ("UHS-tohny-dehs-miht")

    · 90,deviņdesmit ("DEH-veeny-dehs-miht")

    · 100,simts ("sihmts")

    · 200,divi simti ("DIH-vih SIHM-tih")

    · 300,trīs simti ("trees SIHM-tih")

    · 1000,tūkstots ("TOOKS-tohts")

    · 1,000,000,miljons ("MIH-lyohns')

    · 1,000,000,000,miljards ("MIH-lyahrds")

    · 1,000,000,000,000,biljons ("BIH-lyohns")

    · number _____ ("train, bus, etc."),numurs _____ ("NOO-moors")

    · half,pus ("poos")

    · less,mazāk ("MUH-zahk")

    · more,vairāk ("VAY-rahk")

  • Time

    · The 24 hour clock is used in Latvia.

    · What time is it?,Cik ir pulkstenis? ("tsihk ihr PUHLKS-teh-nihs")

    · What time?,Cikos? ("TSIH-kohs")

    · When?,Kad? ("kahd")

    · now,tagad ("TAH-gahd")

    · later,vēlāk ("VAA-lahk")

    · second,sekunde ("SEH-koon-deh")

    · minute,minūte ("MIH-noo-teh")

    · half an hour,pusstunda ("PUHSS-tuhn-duh")

    · hour,stunda ("STUHN-duh")

    · morning,rīts ("reet")

    · in the morning,no rīta ("naw reetah")

    · evening,vakars ("VUH-kuhrs")

    · in the evening,vakarā ("VUH-kuh-rah")

    · night,nakts ("nuhkts")

  • Clock time

    · one o'clock,pulkstens viens ("POOLKS-tehns vyehns")

    · two o'clock,pulkstens divi ("POOLKS-tehns DIH-vih")

    · three o'clock,pulkstens trīs ("POOLKS-tehns trees")

    · four o'clock,pulkstens četri ("POOLKS-tehns CHEH-trih")

    · five o'clock,pulkstens pieci ("POOLKS-tehns PYEH-tsih")

    · six o'clock,pulkstens seši ("POOLKS-tehns SEH-shih")

    · seven o'clock,pulkstens septiņi ("POOLKS-tehns SEHP-tih-nyih")

    · eight o'clock,pulkstens astoņi ("POOLKS-tehns UHS-toh-nyih ")

    · nine o'clock,pulkstens deviņi ("POOLKS-tehns DEH-vih-nyih")

    · ten o'clock,pulkstens desmit ("POOLKS-tehns DEHS-miht")

    · eleven o'clock,pulkstens vienpadsmit ("POOLKS-tehns VYEHN-puhds-miht")

    · twelve o'clock,pulkstens divpadsmit ("POOLKS-tehns DIHV-puhds-miht")

    · quarter to six, 17,45 : bez piecpadsmit seši ("behz PYEHTS-pahds-miht SEH-shih")

    · quarter past six, 18,15 : piecpadsmit pāri sešiem

    · half past seven, 18,30 : pusseptiņi

  • Duration

    · _____ minute(s),_____ minūte(s) ("MIH-noo-teh")

    · _____ hour(s),_____ stunda(s) ("STOON-dah(s)")

    · _____ day(s),_____ diena(s) ("DYEH-nah(s)")

    · _____ week(s),_____ nedēļa(s) ("NEH-dehh-lyah(s)")

    · _____ month(s),_____ mēnesis(mēneši) ("MEHH-neh-sees(MEHH-neh-shih)")

    · _____ year(s),_____ gads(gadi) ("gahds(GAH-dih)")

  • Days

    · today,šodien ("SHAW-dyehn")

    · yesterday,vakar ("VUH-kuhr")

    · tomorrow,rīt ("reet")

    · this week,šonedēļ ("shaw-NEH-deh-ly")

    · last week,pagājušo nedēļ ("PUH-gah-yoo-shwa NEH-dehly")

    · next week,nākamnedēļ ("NAH-kuhm-NEH-dehly")

    · Monday,pirmdiena ("PIHRM-dyeh-nuh")

    · Tuesday,otrdiena ("AWTR-dyeh-nuh")

    · Wednesday,trešdiena ("TREHSH-dyeh-nuh")

    · Thursday,ceturtdiena ("TSAH-tuhrt-dyeh-nuh")

    · Friday,piektdiena ("PYEHKT-dyeh-nuh")

    · Saturday,sestdiena ("SAHST-dyeh-nuh")

    · Sunday,svētdiena ("SVEHT-dyeh-nuh")

  • Months

    · January,janvāris ("YUHN-vah-rihs")

    · February,februāris ("FEH-brwah-rihs")

    · March,marts ("muhrts")

    · April,aprīlis ("UH-pree-lihs")

    · May,maijs ("maiys")

    · June,jūnijs ("YOO-niys")

    · July,jūlijs ("YOO-liys")

    · August,augusts ("OW-guhsts")

    · September,septembris ("SEHP-tehm-brihs")

    · October,oktobris ("OHK-toh-brihs")

    · November,novembris ("NOH-vehm-brihs")

    · December,decembris ("DEHT-sehm-brihs")

  • Writing time and date

    · The 24-hour clock is used in Latvia. You may find that Latvians also use it when speaking. The easiest way to tell time in Latvian is to say the hour and then the minutes, e.g. ' three-twenty '.

    · hour,stunda ("STUHN-duh")

    · minute,minūte ("MIH-noo-teh")

    · seconds,sekundes ("SEH-koon-dehs")

    · o'clock,pulksten ("PUHLK-stehn")

    · What time (is it)?,Cik pulkstenis? Cikos (tas ir)? ("...")

    · It's______o'clock.,Pulkstenis ir_____. ("PUHLK-steh-nihs ihr")

  • Colors

    · black,melns ("mahlns")

    · white,balts ("buhlts")

    · gray,pelēks ("PEH-lehhks")

    · red,sarkans ("SUHR-kuhns")

    · blue,zils ("zihls")

    · yellow,dzeltens ("DZAHL-tahns")

    · green,zaļš ("zuhlysh")

    · orange,oranžs ("OH-ruhnzh")

    · purple,violets/lillā ("VYOH-lehts/LIHL-lahh")

    · brown,brūns ("broons")

    · pink,sārts ("sahrts")

  • Transportation

    · car,mašīna ("MAH-shee-nah")

    · taxi,taksometrs ("TAHK-soh-mehtrs")

    · bus,autobuss ("OW-toh-boos")

    · van,furgons ("FOOR-gohns")

    · truck,kravas mašīna ("Krah-wahs mah-shee-nah")

    · trolley,trolejbuss ("TROH-lei-boos")

    · tram,tramvajs ("TRAHM-vays")

    · train,vilciens ("VIHL-tsyehns")

    · subway,Metro ("MEH-troh")

    · ship,kuģis ("KUH-gyihs")

    · boat,laiva ("LAI-vah")

    · helicopter,helikopters ("HEH-lih-kohp-tehrs")

    · airplane/airline,lidmašīna ("LIHD-mah-shee-nah")

    · bicycle,velosipēds ("VEH-loh-sih-pehhds")

    · motorcycle,motocikls ("MOH-toh-tsihkls")

    · carriage,pārvadāšanas ("PAHHR-vah-dahh-shah-nahs")

  • Buying Tickets

    · Where can I buy tickets?,Kur var nopirkt biļetes? ("koor vuhr NAW-pihrkt BIH-lyeh-tehs?")

    · I want to travel to...,Vēlos braukt uz ... ("VAI-lohs browkt uhz")

    · Do I need to book/make a reservation?,Vai man jārezervē? (...)

    · Is it sold out?,Tas ir izpārdots? ("tahs ihr IHZ-pahhr-dohts?")

    · Any tickets available?,Vai ir biļetes? ("...")

    · I'd like to book/reserve a seat to...,Es gribētu rezervēt/rezervēt vietu uz... ("ehs GRIH-behh-too REH-zehr-veht/REH-zehr-veht VYEH-too ooz...")

    · I'd like (a)...,Es gribētu... ("ehs GRIH-behh-too")

    · ...one-way ticket.,...vienvirziena biļeti. ("VYEHN-vihr-zyeh-nah BIH-lyeh-tih")

    · ...return ticket.,...atgriešanās biļeti. ("AHT-gryeh-shah-nahhs BIH-lyeh-tih")

    · ...two tickets.,...divas biļetes. ("DEE-vahs BIH-lyeh-tehs")

    · ...1st. class ticket.

    · ...2nd. class ticket.

  • Bus and Train

    · How much is a ticket to _____?,Cik maksā biļete uz _____? ("tsihk MUHK-sahh BIH-lyeh-teh oohz?")

    · One ticket to _____, please.,Vienu biļeti uz _____, lūdzu. ("VYEH-nuh BIH-lyeh-tih oohz...,LOOD-zoo")

    · Where does this train/bus go?,Kur tas vilciens / autobuss iet? ("koohr tahs VIHL-tsyenhs/OW-taw-buhs iet?")

    · Where is the train/bus to _____?,Kur ir vilciens/autobuss, kas brauc uz _____? ("koohr ihr VIHL-tsyehns/OW-taw-booss, kahs browts uhz?")

    · Does this train/bus stop in _____?,Vai vilciens/autobuss pietur _____? ("vai VIHL-tsyehns/OW-toh-booss PYEH-tuhr?")

    · When does the train/bus for _____ leave?,Kad atiet vilciens/autobuss uz _____? ("kahd AH-tyeht VIHL-tsyehns/OW-toh-booss uhz?")

    · When will this train/bus arrive in _____?,Kad vilciens/autobuss būs _____? ("kahd VIHL-tsyehns/OW-toh-booss boos?")

  • Directions

    · How do I get to _____ ?,Kā lai es tieku uz _____ ? ("kah lai ehs TYEH-koo ooz...?")

    · ...the train station?,...staciju? ("STAH-tsyoo?")

    · ...the bus station?,...autoostu? ("OW-toh-aws-too?")

    · ...the airport?,...lidostu? ("LIH-daws-too?")

    · ...downtown?,...centru? ("TSEHN-truh?")

    · ...the youth hostel?,...hosteli? ("hos-tel-ih")

    · ...the _____ hotel?,..._____ viesnīcu? ("VYEHS-nee-tsuh")

    · ...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate?,...Amerikas/Kanādas/Austrālijas/Lielbritānijas konsulātu? ("AMEH-rih-kuhs/KUH-nah-duhs/OWS-trah-lyuhs/LYEHL-brih-tah-nyuhs KOHN-soo-lah-too")

    · Where are there a lot of...,Kur te ir daudz... ("kuhr teh ihr dowdz...")

    · ...hotels?,...viesnīcu? ("VYEHS-nee-tsoo?")

    · ...restaurants?,...restorānu? ("REHS-toh-rah-noo?")

    · ...bars?,...bāru? ("BAH-roo?")

    · ...sites to see?,...apskates vietu? ("AHPS-kah-tehs VYEH-too?")

    · Can you show me on the map?,Vai jūs varētu man parādīt kartē? ("vai yoos VAH-rehh-too mahn PAH-rahh-deet KAHR-teh?")

    · street,iela ("Ia-lah")

    · road,ceļu ("TSEH-lyoo")

    · avenue,avēnija ("AH-veh-nyah")

    · boulevard,bulvāris ("BOOL-vahh-rihs")

    · highway,automaģistrāle ("...")

    · Turn left.,Pagriezties pa kreisi. ("...")

    · Turn right.,Pagriezties pa labi. ("...")

    · left,pa kreisi ("...")

    · right,pa labi ("...")

    · straight ahead,taisni uz priekšu ("...")

    · towards the _____,virzienā uz _____ ("...")

    · past the _____,garām _____ ("...")

    · before the _____,pirms _____ ("...")

    · Watch for the _____.,Skaties, kur ir _____. ("...")

    · intersection,krustojums ("...")

    · north,ziemeļi ("ZYEH-meh-lyih")

    · south,dienvidi ("DYEHN-vih-dih")

    · east,austrumi ("OWS-troo-mih")

    · west,rietumi ("RYEH-too-mih")

    · uphill,kalnā ("KAHL-ah")

    · downhill,lejā ("LAY-ah")

  • Taxi

    · Taxi.,Taksometrs. ("TAHK-soh-mehtrs")

    · Take me to _____, please.,Aizvediet mani uz _____, lūdzu. ("AYZ-veh-dyeht MAH-nih uhz...,LOO-dzuh")

    · How much does it cost to get to _____?,Cik maksā brauciens līdz _____? ("...")

    · Take me there, please.,Aizvediet mani uz turieni, lūdzu. ("...")

  • Lodging

    · Hotel,Viesnīca ("VYEHS-nee-tsah")

    · Do you have any rooms available?,Vai jums ir kāda brīva istaba? ("vay yuhms ihr KAH-dah BREE-vah IHS-tah-bah?")

    · Does the room come with...,Vai šajā istabā ir...

    · ...bedsheets?,...palagi?

    · ...a bathroom?,...vannas istaba?

    · ...a telephone?,...telefons?

    · ...a TV?,...televizors?

    · How much is a room for one person/two people?,Cik maksā istaba vienai personai/divām personām?

    · May I see the room first?,Vai es varētu vispirms apskatīt istabu?

    · OK, I'll take it.,Labi, es ņemšu.

    · I will stay for _____ night(s).,Es palikšu ___ nakti(s).

    · Do you have a safe?,Vai jums ir seifs?

    · Is breakfast/supper included?,Vai brokastis/vakariņas ir iekļautas cenā?

  • Money

    · Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars?,Vai jūs pieņemat Amerikas/Austrālijas/Kanādas dolāru? ("vai yoos PYEH-nyeh-mah AMEH-rih-kahs/OWS-trahh-lyahs/KAH-nahh-dahs DOH-lahh-ruh?")

    · Do you accept British pounds?,Vai Jūs pieņemat Britu mārciņas? ("...")

    · Do you accept credit cards?,Vai Jūs pieņemat kredītkartes? ("...")

    · Can you change money for me?,Vai Jūs varētu man samainīt naudu? ("...")

    · Where can I get money changed?,Kur es varētu samainīt naudu? ("...")

    · Can you change a traveler's check for me?,Vai Jūs varētu man samainīt ceļojuma čekus? ("...")

    · Where can I get a traveler's check changed?,Kur es varētu samainīt ceļojuma čekus? ("...")

    · What is the exchange rate?,Kāds ir valūtas maiņas kurss? ("...")

    · Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)?,Kur ir bankomāts? ("...")

  • Eating

    · A table for one person/two people, please.,Galdiņu vienai personai/diviem cilvēkiem, lūdzu. ("Gah-lts VYEH-nai PEHR-soh-nai/DIH-vyehm TSIHL-vehh-kyehm, LOO-dzuh")

    · Can I look at the menu, please?,Vai es varu apskatīt ēdienkarti, lūdzu? ("...")

    · Can I look in the kitchen?,Vai es varu ieskatīties virtuvē? ("...")

    · Is there a house specialty?,Vai ir kāds firmas ēdiens? ("...")

    · Is there a local specialty?,Vai ir kāds īpašs vietējais ēdiens? ("...")

    · I'm a vegetarian.,Es esmu veģetārietis. ("...")

    · I don't eat pork.,Es neēdu cūkgaļu. ("...")

    · I don't eat beef.,Es neēdu liellopu gaļu ("...")

    · I only eat kosher food.,Es ēdu tikai košera pārtiku. ("...")

    · fixed-price meal,ēdiens par fiksētu cenu ("...")

    · a la carte,a la carte ("...")

    · breakfast,brokastis ("...")

    · lunch,pusdienas ("...")

    · tea ("meal"),tēja ("...")

    · supper,vakariņas ("...")

    · I want _____.,Es vēlētos ("...")

    · I want a dish containing _____.,Es vēlētos ēdienu, kas satur _____. ("...")

    · chicken,cālis ("...")

    · beef,liellopgaļa ("...")

    · fish,zivs ("...")

    · ham,šķiņķis ("...")

    · sausage,desa ("...")

    · cheese,siers ("...")

    · eggs,olas ("...")

    · salad,salāti ("...")

    · (fresh) vegetables,(svaigi) dārzeņi ("...")

    · (fresh) fruit,(svaigi) augļi ("...")

    · bread,maize ("...")

    · toast,grauzdiņš ("...")

    · noodles,nūdeles ("...")

    · rice,rīsi ("...")

    · beans,pupas ("...")

    · May I have a glass of _____?,Vai es varētu pasūtīt glāzi _____? ("...")

    · May I have a cup of _____?,Vai es varētu pasūtīt tasi _____? ("...")

    · May I have a bottle of _____?,Vai es varētu pasūtīt pudeli _____? ("...")

    · coffee,kafija ("...")

    · tea ("drink"),tēja ("...")

    · juice,sula ("...")

    · (bubbly) water,(gāzēts) ūdens ("...")

    · water,ūdens ("...")

    · beer,alus ("...")

    · red/white wine,sarkanīns / baltvīns ("...")

    · May I have some _____?,Man, lūdzu _____? ("...")

    · salt,sāls ("...")

    · black pepper,melnie pipari ("...")

    · butter,sviests ("...")

    · Excuse me, waiter? ("getting attention of server"),Atvainojiet, viesmīl? ("...")

    · I'm finished.,Es esmu pabeidzis. ("...")

    · It was delicious.,Tas bija ļoti garšīgi. "...")

    · Please clear the plates.,Lūdzu, novāciet šķīvjus. ("...")

    · The check, please.,Rēķinu, lūdzu. ("...")

  • Bars

    · Do you serve alcohol?,Vai jums ir alkohols? ("vai yuhms ihr AHL-koh-hohls?")

    · Is there table service?,Vai apkalpojat pie galdiņiem? ("...")

    · A beer/two beers, please.,Vienu alu/Divus alus, lūdzu. ("...")

    · A glass of red/white wine, please.,glāzi sarkanvīna / baltvīna, lūdzu. ("...")

    · A pint, please.,pinti, lūdzu. ("...")

    · A bottle, please.,pudeli, lūdzu. ("...")

    · whiskey,viskijs ("VIHS-kihys")

    · vodka,degvīns ("DAG-veens")

    · rum,rums ("...")

    · water,ūdens ("...")

    · club soda,minerālūdens ("...")

    · tonic water,toniks ("...")

    · orange juice,apelsīnu sula ("...")

    · Coke ("soda"),kola ("...")

    · Do you have any bar snacks?,Vai jums ir kādas uzkodas? ("...")

    · One more, please.,Vēl vienu, lūdzu. ("...")

    · When is closing time?,Cikos tiek slēgts? ("...")

    · Cheers!,Priekā! ("...")

  • Shopping

    · Do you have this in my size?,Vai Jums ir mans izmērs? ("yooms ihr mahns IHZ-mehhrs?")

    · How much is this?,Cik tas maksā?

    · That's too expensive.,Tas ir pārāk dārgi.

    · Would you take _____?,Vai Jūs pieņemat _____?

    · expensive,dārgi

    · cheap,lēti

    · I can't afford it.,Es to nevaru atļauties.

    · I don't want it.,Es to nevēlos.

    · You're cheating me.,Jūs mani krāpjat.

    · I'm not interested.,Mani tas neinteresē.

    · OK, I'll take it.,Labi, es to ņemšu.

    · I need...,Man vajag/vajadzētu...

    · ...toothpaste.,...zobu pastu.

    · ...a toothbrush.,...zobu birsti.

    · ...tampons.,...tamponus.

    · ...soap.,...ziepes.

    · ...shampoo.,...šampūnu.

    · ...pain reliever. ("e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen"),...pretsāpju zāles.

    · ...cold medicine.,...zāles pret saaukstēšanos.

    · ...an umbrella.,...lietussargu.

    · ...postage stamps.,...pastmarkas.

    · ...batteries.,...baterijas.

    · ...a pen.,...pildspalvu.

    · ...English-language books.,...grāmatas angļu valodā.

  • Driving

    · I want to rent a car.,Es gribu iznomāt automašīnu. ("ehs GRIH-buh IHZ-noh-mahht OW-toh-mah-shee-noo")

    · Can I get insurance?,Vai es varu saņemt apdrošināšanu? ("...")

    · stop ("on a street sign"),apstāšanās ("...")

    · one way,vienā virzienā ("...")

    · yield,Dodiet ceļu ("...")

    · no parking,Stāvēt aizliegts ("...")

    · speed limit,ātruma ierobežojums ("...")

    · gas ("petrol") station,degvielas uzpildes stacija ("...")

    · petrol,benzīns ("...")

    · diesel,dīzelis ("...")

  • Authority

    · I haven't done anything wrong.,Es neesmu darījis/darījusi neko sliktu.

    · It was a misunderstanding.,Ir radies pārpratums.

    · Where are you taking me?,Uz kurieni jūs mani vedat?

    · Am I under arrest?,Vai es esmu arestēts/arestēta?

    · I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen.,Es esmu Amerikas/Austrālijas/Lielbritānijas/Kanādas pilsonis/pilsone.

    · I want to talk to a lawyer.,Es gribu runāt ar advokātu.

    · Can I just pay a fine now?,Vai varu samaksāt sodu tagad? ("vai VAH-ruh SAH-mahk-sahht SOH-duh TAH-gahd?")

  • Emergencies

    · Help!,Palīgā! ("PAH-leeg-ah")

    · Look out!,Uzmanies!

    · Fire!,Uguns!

    · Go away!,Ejiet prom!

    · Thief!,Zaglis!

    · Stop thief!,Ķeriet zagli!

    · Call the police!,Izsauciet policiju!

    · Where is the police station?,Kur ir policijas iecirknis?

    · Can you help me please?,Vai jūs varat man palīdzēt, lūdzu?

    · Could I use your telephone/mobile/cell phone?,Vai es varētu izmantot jūsu telefonu/mobilo?

    · There's been an accident!,Ir notikusi nelaime!

    · Call a,Izsauciet

    · ...doctor!,ārstu

    · ...an ambulance!,ambulance!

    · I need medical attention!,Man vajag ārstu!

    · I'm ill.,Es esmu slims.

    · I'm lost.,Es esmu apmaldījies.

    · I've been raped!,Mani izvaroja!

    · Where are the toilets?,Kur ir tualetes? ("koor ihr TWAH-leh-tehs?")