Hebrew phrasebook

Modern Hebrew is spoken as a daily language in Israel and in parts of the Palestinian Territories. Biblical Hebrew is used as a religious language by Jews worldwide. It is written with a different alphabet than European languages, and is written from right to left.

source : Wikivoyage

Pronounciation Guide and Phrase List

  • Basics

    · Hello. (Peace),.שלום ("shalom - shah-LOHM")
    The Hebrew greeting, literally "peace." The English "Hi" is also used.

    · Bye. (Peace),.שלום ("shalom - shah-LOHM")
    Yes, the greeting is the same for the start and end of conversation. See also "See you later".

    · See you later.,.להתראות ("lehitra'ot - leh-hit-rah-'OHT")
    The most common farewell greeting, besides the English "Bye". Again, the English "Bye" is also used.

    · Good morning.,.בוקר טוב ("boker tov - BOH-ker TOHV")

    · Good afternoon.,.צהריים טובים ("tsohorayim tovim - tsoh-hoh-RAH-yeem toh-VEEM") (literally: "good noon", afternoon is אחר-צהריים - "ahar tsohorayim tovim - aKHAR tsoh-hoh-RAH-yeem toh-VEEM")

    · Good evening.,.ערב טוב ("`erev tov - EH-rev TOHV")

    · Good night.,.לילה טוב ("laylah tov - LIGH-lah TOHV")

    · How are you? (What's your wellbeing/peace?)- addressing to a man.,‫מה שלומך?‬ ("mah shlomkha? - mah shlom-KHAH")

    · How are you? (What's your wellbeing/peace?)- addressing to a woman.,‫מה שלומך?‬ ("mah shlomekh? - mah shloh-MEKH")

    · How are you? (What's being heard?).,‫מה נשמע?‬ ("mah nishma[`]? - mah nish-MAH")

    · What's up? (What's happening?).,?מה קורה ("mah koreh? - mah kor-EH")

    · What's up #2? (What's the business?).,?מה העיניינים ("mah ha-`inyanim? - mah ha-`in-ya-NIM?")

    · Thank you.,.תודה ("todah - toh-DAH")

    · Please/ You're welcome.,.בבקשה ("bevakashah - be-vah-kuh-SHAH")

    · Excuse me.,.סליחה ("slihah - slee-KHAH")

    · I don't understand. (said by a man).,.אני לא מבין ("ani lo mevin - ahni loh meh-VEEN")

    · I don't understand. (said by a woman).,.אני לא מבינה ("ani lo mevinah - ahni loh meh-VEENA")

    · What is your name? (said to a man).,?מה שמך ("ma shimkha")

    · What is your name? (said to a woman).,?מה שמך ("ma shmekh")

    · What is your name? #2 (said to a man) (lit. "How do they call you?").,?איך קוראים לך ("ekh kor'im lekha")

    · What is your name? #2 (said to a woman) (literally,How do they call you?). : ?איך קוראים לך ("eck kor'im lakh")

    · My name is...,שמי ("shmi")

    · My name is #2 (literally,I am called...) : קוראים לי ("kor'im li - kor-'EEM lee ...")

    · How much is it?,כמה זה? ("kamah zeh? - KA-mah zeh")

    · Cash,מזומן ("me-zu-MAN")

    · Cash only,מזומן בלבד ("mezuman bi-lvad - me-zu-MAN beel-VAD");

    · Credit,אשראי ("ashra'i - ash-RA-'ee");

  • Pronouns (כינויי גוף "kinuye guf")

    · I: אני ("ani - ah-NEE")

    ·
    You (singular, masc.): אתה ("atah - ah-TAH")

    ·
    You (singular, fem.): את ("at - aht")

    ·
    He: הוא ("hu - hoo")

    ·
    She: היא ("hi - hee")

    ·
    We: אנחנו ("anahnu - ah-NAKH-noo")

    ·
    You (plural, masc.): אתם ("atem - ah-TEM")

    ·
    You (plural, fem.): אתן ("aten - ah-TEN")

    ·
    They (plural, masc.): הם ("hem - hem")

    ·
    They (plural, fem.): הן ("hen - hen")

  • Asking Questions (שאלות "she'elot")

    · Who?,‫מי?‬ ("mi? - mee")

    · What?,‫מה?‬ ("mah? - mah")

    · Where is ...?,‫איפה?‬ ("eyfoh? - EY-foh")

    · Where to?,‫לאן?‬ ("le'an? - leh-AH-n")

    · Where from?,‫מאיפה\מאין?‬ ("me'eifoh?/me'ayn? - meh-EY-foh/meh-Ah-een")

    · When?,‫מתי?‬ ("matai? - mah-TIGH")

    · Why?,‫למה?‬ ("lamah? - LAH-mah"), ‫מדוע?‬ ("madua[`]? - mah-DOOah")

    · How much? (also "how many"),‫כמה?‬ ("kamah? - KAH-mah")

    · Where are you from?,When speaking to a male: ‫מאיפה אתה?‬ ("me'eifoh atah? - meh-EY-foh ah-TAH"),When speaking to a female: ‫מאיפה את?‬ ("me'eifoh at? - meh-EY-foh aht")

    · Do you speak English?,When speaking to a male: ‫אתה מדבר אנגלית?‬ ("atah medaber anglit? - ah-TAH meh-dah-BEHR ahn-GLEET?"),When speaking to a female: ‫את מדברת אנגלית?‬ ("at medaberet anglit? - aht meh-dah-BEH-ret ahn-GLEET?")

  • Numbers (מספרים "misparim")

    · 0: אפס ("efes - EH-fess")

    ·
    1: אחת ("ahat - ah-KHAT")

    ·
    2: שתיים ("shtayim - SHTAH-yeem")

    ·
    3: שלוש ("shalosh - shah-LOSH")

    ·
    4: ארבע ("arba[`] - AHR-bah")

    ·
    5: חמש ("hamesh - khah-MESH")

    ·
    6: שש ("shesh - shesh")

    ·
    7: שבע ("sheva[`] - SHEH-vah")

    ·
    8: שמונה ("shmoneh - shmo-NEH")

    ·
    9: תשע ("tesha[`] - TEY-shah")

    ·
    10: עשר ("'eser - EH-sehr")

    ·
    11: אחת עשרה ("ahat-`esreh - ah-khat es-REH")

    ·
    12: שתים עשרה ("shtem-`esreh - shtem es-REH")

    ·
    13: שלוש עשרה ("shlosh-`esreh - shlosh es-REH")

    ·
    14: ארבע עשרה ("arba'-`esreh - ar-bah es-REH")

    ·
    15: חמש עשרה ("hamesh-`esreh - kha-mesh es-REH")

    ·
    16: שש עשרה ("shesh-`esreh - shesh es-REH")

    ·
    17: שבע עשרה ("shva[`]-`esreh - shva es-REH")

    ·
    18: שמונה עשרה ("shmoneh-`esreh - shmo-neh es-REH")

    ·
    19: תשע עשרה ("tshah-'esreh - tshah es-REH")

    ·
    20: עשרים ("`esrim - es-REEM")

    ·
    25: עשרים וחמש ("`esrim ve-hamesh - es-REEM ve-khah-MESH")

    ·
    30: שלשים ("shloshim - shlo-SHEEM")

    ·
    40: ארבעים ("arba`im - ar-bah-EEM")

    ·
    50: חמשים ("hamishim - khah-mee-SHEEM")

    ·
    60: ששים ("shishim - shee-SHEEM")

    ·
    70: שבעים ("shiv`im - shiv-EEM")

    ·
    80: שמונים ("shmonim - shmo-NEEM")

    ·
    90: תשעים ("tish`im - tish-EEM")

    ·
    100: מאה ("me'ah - MEH-'ah")

    ·
    200: מאתיים ("matayim - m'ah-TAH-yeem")

    ·
    300: שלש מאות ("shlosh-me'ot - sh-LOSH meh-'OHT")

    ·
    1000: אלף ("elef - EH-lef")

    ·
    1%: אחוז ("ahuz - ah-KHOOZ ah-KHAD")

    ·
    5%: חמישה אחוזים ("hamishah ahuzim - kha-misha ah-KHOOZIM")

    ·
    100%: מאה אחוז ("me'ah ahuz - MEH-'ah ah-KHOOZ")

    ·
    Half: חצי ("hetsi - KHE-tsee")

    ·
    Quarter: רבע ("reva[`] - REH-vah")

    ·
    More: יותר ("yoter - yoh-TEHR")

    ·
    Less: פחות ("pahot - pah-KHOHT")

  • Time (זמן "zman")

    · Today: היום ("hayom - hah-YOHM")

    ·
    Yesterday: אתמול ("etmol - et-MOHL")

    ·
    Tomorrow: מחר ("mahar - mah-KHAHR")

    ·
    The day before yesterday: שלשום ("shilshom - shil-SHOHM")

    ·
    The day after tomorrow: מחרתיים ("mahratayim - makh-rah-TAH-yeem")

  • Days of the week (ימי השבוע "yame hashavua[`]")

    · Except for Shabbat, these are ordinal numbers. But both these and the names of the first 6 letters in the Hebrew Alfa-Beit are used.

    · Sunday: יום ראשון ("yom rishon - yohm ree-SHOHN")

    ·
    Monday: יום שני ("yom sheni - yohm shey-NEE")

    ·
    Tuesday: יום שלישי ("yom shlishi - yohm shlee-SHEE")

    ·
    Wednesday: יום רביעי ("yom revi`i - yohm rvee-EE")

    ·
    Thursday: יום חמישי ("yom hamishi - yohm khah-mee-SHEE")

    ·
    Friday: יום ששי ("yom shishi - yohm shee-SHEE")

    ·
    Saturday: שבת ("shabat - shah-BAHT")

  • Months (חודשים "hodashim")

    · In everyday life, most Israelis use the Gregorian Calendar. The month names pronunciation resembles Central-European (e.g. German) pronunciation.

    · January: ינואר ("Yanuar")

    ·
    February: פברואר ("Februar")

    ·
    March: מרץ ("Merts")

    ·
    April: אפריל ("April")

    ·
    May: מאי ("May - Mah-ee)

    ·
    June: יוני ("Yuni - Yuh-nee")

    ·
    July: יולי ("Yuli - Yuh-lee")

    ·
    August: אוגוסט ("Ogust - O-guh-st")

    ·
    September: ספטמבר ("September")

    ·
    October: אוקטובר ("October")

    ·
    November: נובמבר ("November")

    ·
    December: דצמבר ("Detsember")

    · For holidays and events, Israeli Jews and Jews worldwide use a lunisolar calendar, in which the month begins at the new moon and a thirteenth month is added every few years. The months start with Tishrei (Sept.-Oct.) and run through Elul (August-September); thus Elul 5760 is followed by Tishrei 5761. "Aviv," the word for "spring," is sometimes substituted for "Nisan" and is also the name of a stage that the growth of barley reaches at that time.

    · Tishrei: תשרי ("tishrey - tish-REY")

    ·
    Heshvan: חשון ("heshvan - ḥesh-VAN")

    ·
    Kislev: כסלו ("kislev - kis-LEV")

    ·
    Tevet: טבת ("tevet - tey-VET")

    ·
    Shevat: שבט ("shevat - shuh-VAT")

    ·
    Adar: אדר ("adar - ah-DAR")

    ·
    Second Adar (the leap month): אדר שני ("adar sheni - ah-DAR shey-NEE") or אדר ב ("adar beth - ah-DAR beth)

    ·
    Nisan: ניסן ("nisan - nee-SAHN")

    ·
    Iyar: אייר ("iyar - ee-YAHR")

    ·
    Sivan: סיון ("sivan - see-VAHN")

    ·
    Tammuz: תמוז ("tamuz - tah-MOOZ")

    ·
    Av: אב ("av - ahv")

    ·
    Elul: אלול ("elul - eh-LOOL")

  • Duration (משך "meshekh")

    · Day: יום ("yom - yom")

    ·
    Week: שבוע ("shavua[`] - shah-VOOah")

    ·
    Month: חודש ("hodesh - KHO-desh")

    ·
    Year: שנה ("shanah - shah-NAH")

    ·
    Hour: שעה ("sha`ah - shah-AH")

    ·
    Minute: דקה ("daqah - dah-KAH")

    ·
    Second: שניה ("shniyah - shnee-YAH")

    ·
    Time: זמן ("zman - zmahn")

  • Seasons (עונות "`onot")

    · Spring: אביב ("aviv - ah-VEEV")

    ·
    Summer: קיץ ("kayits - KAH-yits")

    ·
    Autumn: סתיו ("stav - stahv")

    ·
    Winter: חורף ("horef - KHO-ref")

    ·
    '"What time is it?: מה השעה? ("mah hasha`ah? - mah hah-shah-AH?")

  • Colors (צבעים "tsva`im")

    · black: שחור ("shahor - sha-KHOR")

    ·
    white: לבן ("lavan - la-VAN")

    ·
    gray: אפור ("afor - a-FOR")

    ·
    red: אדום ("adom - a-DOM")

    ·
    blue: כחול ("kahol - ka-KHOL")

    ·
    yellow: צהוב ("tsahov - tsa-HOV")

    ·
    green: ירוק ("yaroq - ya-ROK")

    ·
    orange: כתום ("katom - ka-TOM")

    ·
    purple: סגול ("sagol - sa-GOL")

    ·
    brown: חום ("hum - khum")

    ·
    pink: ורוד ("varod - va-ROD")

  • Bus and train (אוטובוס ורכבת "otobus verakevet")

    · How much is a ticket to _____?,כמה עולה כרטיס ל ("kamah `ole kartis le___? - KA-ma `oLE karTIS le___?")

    · One ticket to _____, please.,כרטיס אחד ל___, בבקשה ("kartis ehad le___, bevakashah - karTIS eKHAD le___, bevakaSHA")

    · Where does this train/bus go?,?לאן הרכבת הזאת נוסעת?/לאן האוטובוס הזה נוסע ("le'an harakevet hazot nosa`at?/le'an ha'otobus haze nosea[`]? - le'anleAN haraKEvet haZOT noSA`at?/leAN haOtobus haZE noSEa?")

    · Where is the train/bus to _____?,?___איפה הרכבת ל___?/איפה האוטובוס ל ("eifoh harakevet le___?/eifoh ha'otobus le___? - EIfo haraKEvet le___?/EIfo haOtobus le___?")

    · Does this train/bus stop in _____?,הרכבת הזאת עוצרת ב___?/האוטובוס הזה עוצר ב("harakevet hazot `otseret be___?/ha'otobus haze `otser be___? - haraKEvet haZOT oTSEret be___?/haOtobus haZE oTSER be___?")

    · When does the train/bus for _____ leave?,מתי יוצאת הרכבת ל___?/מתי יוצא האוטובוס ל ("matai yotset harakevet le___?/matai yotse ha'otobus le___? - maTAI yoTSET haraKEvet le___?/maTAI yoTSE haOtobus le___?")

    · When will this train/bus arrive in _____?,מתי הרכבת הזאת מגיעה ל___?/מתי האוטובוס הזה מגיע ל ("matai harakevet hazot magi`ah le___? matai ha'otobus haze magia[`] le___? - maTAI haraKEvet haZOT magi`A le___?/maTAI haOtobus haZE magi`A le___?")

  • Directions (כיוונים "kivunim")

    · How do I get to _____ ?,איך אני מגיע/ה ל ("eikh ani magia[`]/magi`ah le___? - eikh aNI maGI`a/magi`A(f) le___?")

    · ...the train station?,תחנת הרכבת ("...tahanat harakevet? - takhaNAT haraKEvet")

    · ...the bus station?,תחנת האוטובוס ("...tahanat ha'otobus? - takhaNAT haOtobus")

    · ...the airport?,שדה התעופה ("...sde hate`ufah? - sde hateuFA")

    · ...downtown?,מרכז העיר ("...merkaz ha`ir? - merKAZ ha`IR")

    · ...the youth hostel?,אכסניית נוער ("...akhsaniyat no`ar? - akhsaniYAT NO`ar")

    · ...the _____ hotel?,מלון ("...malon ___? - maLON ___?")

    · ...the American/British/French/Chinese/Indian/Russian/Polish consulate?,הקונסוליה ה אמריקאית/בריטית/צרפתית/סינית/הודית/רוסית/פולנית ("konsuliyah ha'amerikait/habritit/hatsarfatit/hasinit/hahodit/harusit/hapolanit? - HaKonSULia ha ahmehriKAHit/BRItit/tsorfaTIT/SInit/HOdit/ruSIT/polaNIT?")

    · Where are there a lot of...,איפה יש הרבה ("eifoh yesh harbeh... - EIfo yesh harBE...")

    · ...hotels?,מלונות ("...melonot? - meloNOT")

    · ...restaurants?,מסעדות ("...mis`adot? - mis`aDOT")

    · ...bars?,ברים ("...barim? - BArim")

    · ...things to see?,דברים לראות ("...dvarim lir'ot? - dvaRIM lirOT")

    · Can you show me on the map?,אפשר להראות לי במפה ("efshar lehar'ot li bamapah? - efSHAR leharOT li bamaPA")

    · street,רחוב ("rehov - reKHOV")

    · Go left.,לך שמאלה ("lekh smolah - lekh SMOla")

    · GO right.,לך ימינה ("lekh yeminah - lekh yaMIna")

    · left,שמאל ("smol - smol")

    · right,ימין ("yamin - yaMIN")

    · straight ahead,ישר ("yashar - yaSHAR")

    · towards the _____,לכיוון ("lekivun ___ - lekiVUN")

    · past the _____,אחרי ה ("ahrey ha___ - akhaREY")

    · before the _____,לפני ה ("lifney ha___ - lifNEY")

    · Watch for the _____.,חפש את ה ("hapes et ha___ - khaPES et ha___")

    · intersection,צומת ("tsomet - TSOmet")

    · north,צפון ("tsafon - tsaFON")

    · south,דרום ("darom - daROM")

    · east,מזרח ("mizrah - mizRAKH")

    · west,מערב ("ma`arav - ma`aRAV")

    · uphill,במעלה ההר ("b-ma`aleh ha-har - b`ma`aLEH ha`HAR")

    · downhill,במורד ההר ("b`morad ha`har - b`moRAD ha`HAR")

  • Taxi (מונית "monit")

    · Taxi!,מונית ("monit! - moNIT!")

    · Take me to _____, please.,קח אותי ל____, בבקשה ("qah oti le___, bevakashah - kakh oTI le___, bevakaSHA")

    · How much does it cost to get to _____?,כמה זה עולה עד ל ("kamah ze `oleh li `ad le___? - KAma ze `oLE `ad le___")

    · Take me there, please.,קח אותי לשם בבקשה ("qah oti lesham, bevakashah - kakh oTI leSHAM, bevakaSHA")

    · Could you use a counter/taximeter, please?,תוכל להשתמש במונה בבקשה? ("tukhal lehishtamesh bemoneh bevakasha? - tuKHAL le-hish-ta-MESH be-moNEH be-va-ka-SHA?"). A counter/taximeter (מונה - moneh) gives the price based on certain factors such as travel time and distance (plus initial price), rather than a fixed overprice. Luggage costs extra in either case.

  • Eating

    · In Israel, many restaurants and eating places are kosher meaning that they observe the Jewish dietary laws of kashrut. For a restaurant to be officially kosher and have a Kosher Certificate, in addition to serving only correctly prepared kosher food, it must also not open on the Shabbat - from sundown on Friday through sundown on Saturday.

    · In many places in Israel such as Tel Aviv, there are non-kosher restaurants that will open on Shabbat and will serve non-kosher food (e.g. the restaurant serves both meat and milk dishes). Comparatively few places serve non-kosher food items like pork.

    · In some religious villages and small towns there are very few if any places that open on Shabbat.

    · A table for one person/two people, please.,בבקשה, שולחן לאחד /לשניים ("b-vakasha shulhan l'ehad/ lishnayim" b'vakaSHA, shulKHAN l'ekhAD/ lishnAIYM)

    · Can I look at the menu, please?,אפשר תפריט בבקשה (Efshar tafrit, b'vakasha?)

    · I'm a vegetarian.,אני צמחוני /אני צמחונית (Ani tsimhoni (masc)/ Ani tsimhonit (fem))

    · I don't eat beef.,אני לא אוכל/ אני לא אוכלת בקר (Ani lo okhel bakar (masc)/ Ani lo okhelet bakar(fem))

    · I only eat kosher food.,אני אוכל /אוכלת רק אוכל כשר (Ani okhel (masc)/okhelet (fem) raq okhel kasher)

    · Can you make it "lite", please? ("less oil/butter/lard"),אפשר עם פחות שמן בבקשה (Efshar `im pahot shemen bevakashah)

    · breakfast,ארוחת בוקר (Aruhat boqer)

    · lunch,ארוחת צהריים (Aruhat tsohorayim)

    · supper,ארוחת ערב (Aruhat `erev)

    · I want _____.,אני רוצה _____. (Ani rotseh (masc); Ani rotsah (fem))

    · I would like to eat _____.,אני רוצה לאכול _____. (Ani rotseh/ rotsah le'ekhol)

    · chicken,עוף (`Off)

    · beef,בקר (Baqar)

    · fish,דג (Dag)

    · cheese,גבינה (Gvinah)

    · eggs,ביצה (Beitsah)

    · salad,סלט (Salat)

    · (fresh) vegetables,ירקות (Y-raqot)

    · (fresh) fruit,פירות (Peirot)

    · bread,לחם (Lehem)

    · toast,טוסט (Tost)

    · noodles,נודלז (Nudelz)

    · pasta,פסטה (Pastah)

    · rice,אורז (Orez)

    · chickpeas,חומוס (humus),hummus: חומוס (humus)

    · May I have a glass of _____?,אפשר כוס (Efshar qos)

    · May I have a cup of _____?,אפשר כוס (Efshar qos)

    · May I have a bottle of _____?,אפשר בקבוק (Efshar baqbuq)

    · ...coffee,...קפה (Kafeh)

    · ...tea ("drink"),תה (Teh)

    · ...juice,...מיץ (Mits)

    · ...(bubbly) water,...סודה (Sodah)

    · ...water,...מים (Mayim)

    · ...beer,...בירה (Birah)

    · ...red/white wine,...יין אדום. יין לבן (Yain adom / Yain lavan)

    · May I have some _____?,אפשר (Efshar)

    · salt,מלח (Melah)

    · black pepper,פלפל שחור (Pilpel shahor)

    · Excuse me, waiter? ("getting attention of server"),סליחה (Slihah)

    · I'm finished.,סיימתי (Siamti)

    · It was delicious.,היה מצוין (Hayah metsuyan)

    · Please clear the plates.,אפשר לפנות (Efshar l-fanot)

    · The check, please.,אפשר חשבון, בבקשה (Efshar heshbon, b-vakasha)

    · Where is the bathroom ?,איפה השירותים ? (Eifo Hasherutim?)